Historical Background

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           Kuwait Blood Bank was first established in 25/5/1965 as a section in the central Laboratory of Amiri Hospital, occupying one room with two donation beds. Collected blood units were tested just for blood groupings and syphilis (a chronic bacterial disease that is contracted chiefly by infection during sexual intercourse, but also congenitally by infection of a developing fetus) test before issuing to the patients. Prior to that date, all blood consumption in Kuwait was imported. In 1966, the blood units collected in Kuwait were 5643 units and the imported ones were 653 units. In 1968 importing of blood has been stopped and the bank collected 7348 units in the year 1969 which covered all the needs of hospitals.

          In 1970, Kuwait Central Blood Bank was relocated in its separate location in Sharq area, accomplished with many improvements in quality of staff and equipments. The facility structure was made to include donation units for collecting blood from donors, serology (the scientific study or diagnostic examination of blood serum, especially with regard to the response of the immune system to pathogens or introduced substances) unit for collecting blood from donors, serology unit for blood and Rh grouping with its needs, and Microbiology unit. The Blood Bank started to test all collected blood units for (HBsAg) hepatitis B surface Antigen (a severe form of viral hepatitis transmitted in infected blood, causing fever, debility, and jaundice) beside the syphilis test.

          These developments archived by increasing the number of high-qualified doctors, technologists, nurses, and administrative staff. With the upturn of Ministry of Health to introduce the complete and best medical services for the citizens by establishing new hospitals and clinics cover all areas of Kuwait. Because of the importance of blood transfusion services to the medical services, with the continuous and fast developments in the blood transfusion technology, Ministry of Health declared on 1987 the establishment of the Blood Transfusion Administration Services to be the overall organization responsible for the planning, the improving and the training for the entire transfusion services sector. In the same year, Central Blood Bank shifted to its permanent building located in Jabriya, which was equipped with highly advanced equipments. Then the Kuwait Central Blood Bank opened four fixed branches of blood collection facilities over all areas of Kuwait. Due to continuous development of blood banking services, new laboratories were established to ensure greater safety of blood units. The new laboratory, platelets serology laboratory 2001, Antenatal red cell Serology laboratory in 2003, Nucleic Amplification laboratory in 2006, Molecular laboratory in 2007, Pathogen inactivation laboratory in 2010.

           Kuwait Central Blood Bank (KBCC) is accredited member with the American Association of 9Blood Banks (AABB) since 1989, and participating of the collage of American Pathologists (CAP) since 1994. During 2007 as a part of continuing education in Quality Management and Continuing Education Unit, KBCC shared CAP program of blood culture contamination. KBCC performance indicator measure was in the best 10% of participating institution; also gained recognition of the Royal Collage of Pathologists to teach physicians who are applying for MRCPath certificate in haematology (the branch of medicine involving study and treatment of the blood) and blood transfusion science. KBCC is dealing with approved suppliers by the Food an Drug Administration (FDA) and the European Standards Organization (CE Make) to be its source of equipment and reagents. Quality of products or materials provided, delivery performance, service provided installation and personal training are criteria used to rate a supplier’s performance. Therefore, KBCC successfully achieved the Sheikh Jaber prize for the best center lead by a woman 19/11/2009. The Kuwait Central Blood Bank got an Arab Award for Blood Transfusion service from the Arab Authority for Blood Transfusion services of the council of Arab Ministers of Health. This award was granted to Dr. Reem Al Radwan the Director of KBCC and awards like this are granted to people who provide premium services in the blood transfusion field every two years. Winners are selected upon nomination of Arab Ministers of Health and then report the premium works that carried out by a fellow candidate for the award.

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